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Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH), also known as the Mullerian-inhibiting hormone (MIH) is a naturally produced hormone by the sex organs (testes in males and ovaries in females) that determine the development and functioning of the reproductive organs. AMH levels may also indicate certain health conditions. The AMH Test measures the levels of Anti Mullerian Hormone or AMH in blood. The AMH test evaluates the level of Anti-Müllerian Hormone in the blood sample. AMH is a hormone produced by the gonads. In males, testicles and females, ovaries produce AMH. The role of AMH, as well as its amount, varies by gender and age. This test detects the presence of AMH in the blood. The role of AMH is vital in the development of the sex organs of the baby in the womb. The reproductive organs of a baby mature in the first weeks of pregnancy. The baby will be born with the genes to be either a male (XX genes) or a female (XY genes). AMH reduces the development of female organs while enhancing the growth of male organs. In male baby (XY) genes, high levels of AMH and other male hormones are produced. In boys, the AMH range remains high till puberty and begins to decrease after that. If there isn’t enough AMH to prevent the formation of female organs, organs for both sexes are formed. Then, it is unclear to determine if a baby’s genitals are male or female. It is known as Ambiguous Genitalia. In a baby with female (XX) genes, a minute level of AMH is produced. Female reproductive organs develop due to this AMH. In young girls, AMH levels stay low until adolescence. During adolescence, ovaries (glands that produce egg cells) begin to form AMH. A female has roughly one million eggs (oocytes) at birth. The oocytes decline to about 500,000 during childhood. Only a minute percentage of these remaining eggs will mature into follicles. The eggs grow mature one at a time, throughout a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle. During the process of egg maturation and release, AMH has a crucial role. AMH will then gradually decrease in women after their reproductive years. It becomes undetectable after menopause. The AMH test levels in women can detect fertility issues and the ability to conceive. The test can potentially diagnose menstruation abnormalities. An AMH test is commonly used to determine a woman’s ability to create fertile eggs for pregnancy. In the reproductive age group, ovaries produce hundreds of eggs. As a woman gets older, the egg number decreases. A woman’s blood AMH values indicate how many viable egg cells she still has. This is her ovarian reserve. A woman with a high ovarian reserve has more chances of getting pregnant. If a woman’s ovarian reserve is low, her chances of getting pregnant decrease. The AMH test helps the doctor track the health of women who have specific types of ovarian cancer. The AMH test is used for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. In infants (males), the AMH test evaluates testicular functions. The test is repeated every three months in boys who are under treatment for testicular dysfunction. In young girls, the AMH test helps to detect the cause for male traits. In adolescent women, the AMH test assesses the number of eggs that are remaining. With the AMH test, women can understand their chances of getting pregnant and identify the onset of menopause.


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